Sewing Contractor Profile
Glossary of Terms
Glossary of Terms
Industrial Sewing Glossary of Terms
Back-tack -- A few stitches taken in reverse to secure a line of stitching.
Bar Tack -- A group of closely sewn stitchs (back and forth from side to side a la zig zag)
Binding - Encasing the raw edges of a materials with another piece of fabric.
Butt- to bring two edges of fabric together so that they touch.
Chainstitch --A stitch that interloops the needle thread(s) with a bottom looper thread on the underside of the seam. Most main seams sewn in woven apparel are sewn with this stitch formation.
Coverstitch -- A stitch, often used to seam knitwear, which consists of at least two needle threads, a looper thread and a top thread passing over the edge of the material. Spun or textured polyester thread is generally used to form these stitches.
Denier -- A thread numbering system used primarily for continuous filament threads. The gram weight of 9,000 meters of thread. The lower the denier, the finer the thread.
Greige (pronounced: Gray) Goods - Knitted or woven fabrics of all fibers in an unfinished state, after they have been woven or knitted and before dyeing or finishing.
Gusset -- A bit of fabric sewn into a seamline to provide depth to the sewn product.
Hem--to bottom edge of fabric which is sewn to hide frayed edges.
Lockstitch -A stitch formed by interlocking needle threads with a bobbin thread. This is the most common stitch formed on industrial sewing machines.
Merrow -- A stitch made by a wide range of machines for edging, as well as machines for butted seams that typically utilize anywhere from 3 to 6 threads for a variety of sewing operations.
Nap - the "fuzzy" part of a fabric that is usually directional in nature
Non-woven fabric -- A fabric not woven or knitted from thread or yarn. Non-woven fabrics, include fake leather and suede, felt, various interfacings.
Notch - A small cut into the seam allowance which will allow fabric to bend at curves and corners.
Nylon -- A strong synthetic fiber formed into a filament for use in thread making and other applications. It has good strength, excellent abrasion resistance and is washable. DO NOT throw that sucker into the dryer, though!!
Safety Stitch -- A stitch formation that incorporates both chainstitch and overedge.
Seam allowance -The fabric between the edge of the fabric and the line of stitching, usually about ¼" - 5/8" in most cases.
Selvage - the edge along the side that doesn't unravel. Sometimes there's writing up the side. Even though the cut edge is nice and neat, it's not a good idea to include that in your cut piece because it doesn't hang or wash like the rest of the fabric.